1.1 Location and Coverage
Siargao Island is geographically and politically located within the jurisdiction of the province of Surigao del Norte specifically at the Northeastern portion of Mindanao. The island lies between 125?50’ and 126?5’ east longitude and between 9?3’ and 10?5’ north latitude. It is bounded on the North by Surigao Strait, on the South by the mainland part of the province of Surigao del Norte, on the east by Philippine Sea and on the west by Hinatuan passage.
The island is categorized and established as Siargao Island Protected Landscape and Seascape by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 902 by His Excellency Fidel V. Ramos on October 10, 1996, covering an area of 278,914.131 has. It is composed of several islands and islets, the land area is 62,658.87 has. and the remaining 216,255 has. comprise the marine areas. It covers nine (9) municipalities namely; Burgos, Dapa, Del Carmen, General Luna, Pilar, San Benito, San Isidro, Sta. Monica and Socorro.
It is one of the three priority protected areas in the Mindanao Biogeographic Zone characterized by a unique combination of ecosystems of marine, wetland and terrestrial areas.
1.2 Salient Biodiversity Features
It has a total mangrove area of approximately 8,600 has., the habitat of the saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus.
It is a habitat of diverse species of birds including Philippine Cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia). Also found in Siargao is the flying lemur (Cynocephalus volans), and the endangered Philippine Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta);
• Refuge of endangered marine turtles such as Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), and Olive Ridley Turtle;
• 106 species of fish identified; and
• 137 species of mollusks identified.
It is home of the important and rare Philippine Ironwood or Mancono (Xanthosthemon verdugonianus) which is the hardest known species of wood.
• 85 species of birds
• 21 species of mammals
Siargao Island compose an array of beautiful spots and places that a tourist would admire, admonish and wish to visit again. Such features include, but not limited to:
• Surfing Capital of the Philippines
• One of the Best Ecotourism Destinations of CARAGA
• Game Fishing area